Group B, Poster #208, Computational Science (CS)

Progress of porting AWP-ODC to next generation HPC architectures and a 4-Hz Iwan-type nonlinear dynamic simulation of the ShakeOut scenario on TACC Frontera

Yifeng Cui, Daniel Roten, Akash Palla, Anish Govind, Scott Callaghan, Mattew Norman, Lars Koesterke, Wenyang Zhang, & Philip J. Maechling
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Poster Presentation

2023 SCEC Annual Meeting, Poster #208, SCEC Contribution #13183 VIEW PDF
AWP-ODC is a 4th-order finite difference code used by the SCEC community for linear wave propagation, Iwan-type nonlinear dynamic rupture and wave propagation, and Strain Green Tensor simulation. We have ported and verified the CUDA-version of AWP-ODC-SGT, a reciprocal version used in the SCEC CyberShake project, to HIP so that it can also run on AMD GPUs. This code achieved sustained 32.6 Petaflop/s performance and 95.6% parallel efficiency at full scale on Frontier, a Leadership Computing Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The readiness of this community software on AMD Radeon Instinct GPUs and EPYC CPUs allows SCEC to take advantage of exascale systems to produce more realistic gr...ound motions and accurate seismic hazard products.

We have also deployed AWP-ODC to Azure to leverage the array of tools and services that Azure provides for tightly coupled HPC simulation on commercial cloud. We collaborated with Internet 2/Azure Accelerator supporting team, as part of Microsoft Internet2/Azure Accelerator for Research Fall 2022 Program, with Azure credits awarded through Cloudbank, an NSF-funded initiative. We demonstrate the AWP performance with a benchmark of ground motion simulation on various GPU based cloud instances, and a comparison of the cloud solution to on-premises bare-metal systems.

AWP-ODC currently achieves excellent speedup and efficiency on CPU and GPU architectures. The Iwan-type dynamic rupture and wave propagation solver faces significant challenges, however, due to the increased computational workload with the number of yield surfaces chosen. Compared to linear solution, the Iwan model adds 10x-30x more computational time plus 5x-13x more memory consumption that require substantial code changes to obtain excellent performance. Supported by NSF’s Characteristic Science Applications (CSA) program for the Leadership-Class Computing Facility (LCCF) at Texas Advanced Computing Center (TACC), we are porting and improving the performance of this nonlinear AWP-ODC software, preparing for the next generation NSF LCCF system called Horizon, to be installed at TACC. During Texascale days on the current TACC’s Frontera, we carried out an Iwan-type nonlinear dynamic rupture and wave propagation simulation of a Mw7.8 scenario earthquake on the southern San Andreas fault. This simulation modeled 83 seconds of rupture with a grid spacing of 25 m to resolve frequencies up to 4 Hz with a minimum shear-wave velocity of 500 m/s.